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Capitalism in the 21st Century

Capitalism in the 21st Century

Through the Prism of Value

by Michael Roberts and Guglielmo Carchedi

Series: IIPPE

A sweeping, authoritative and accessible overview of major issues in the global economy from a Marxist perspective

Contemporary capitalism is always evolving. From digital technologies to cryptocurrencies, current trends in political economy are much discussed, but often little understood. So where can we turn for clarity? As Michael Roberts and Guglielmo Carchedi argue, new trends don't necessarily call for new theory.

In Capitalism in the 21st Century, the authors show how Marx's law of value explains numerous issues in our modern world. In both advanced economies and the periphery, value theory provides a piercing analytical framework through which we can approach topics as varied as labour, profitability, automation and AI, the environment, nature and ecology, the role of China, imperialism and the state.

This is an ambitious work that will appeal to both heterodox economists and labour movement activists alike, as it demonstrates the ongoing contemporary relevance of Marxist theory to current trends in political economy.

Michael Roberts has worked in the City of London for over 30 years as an economist and financial adviser. He is author of several books including The Great Recession, The Long Depression and Marx 200. He blogs at

Guglielmo Carchedi was Professor of Economics at Amsterdam University and is the author of several works including Frontiers of Political Economy, For Another Europe and Behind the Crisis.

1. Nature and value
2. Money, prices and value
3. Crises and value
4. Imperialism and value
5. Robots, AI, knowledge and value
6. Socialism and value
Appendix 1: The value theory of inflation
Appendix 2: Measuring unequal exchange of value in international trade

Published by Pluto Press in Dec 2022
Paperback ISBN: 9780745340883
eBook ISBN: 9781786806970

288 pages

156mm x 234mm