The Enclosure and Marketisation of the Seas
An anthropological study of the privatisation and political economy of modern fishing
Grounded in fieldwork in New Zealand, Iceland, Ireland and Hawaii, McCormack offers up a comparative analysis of the mechanisms driving the transformations unleashed by a new era of ocean grabbing. Exploring the processes of privatisation in ecosystem services, Private Oceans traces how value has been repositioned in the market, away from productive activities. The result? The demise of the small-scale sector, the collapse of fishing communities, cultural loss, and the emergence of a newly propertied class of producers - the armchair fisherman.
Ultimately, Private Oceans demonstrates that the deviations from the capitalist norm explored in this book offer grounds for the reimagining of both fisheries economies and broader environmental systems.
Fiona McCormack is Senior Lecturer and Convenor of Anthropology at the University of Waikato, New Zealand. She is author of Private Oceans (Pluto, 2017), co-editor of Engaging with Capitalism (Emerald Group Publishing, 2013) and a contributor to Anthropologies of Value (Pluto, 2016).
'This comprehensive analysis explores the linkages between the failure of late capitalism and the rise of neoliberalism in four countries' fisheries. Wonderfully combining political ecology and economy, McCormack's anthropological gaze also illuminates how resistance often followed neoliberal attempts to shape local cultural understandings of fishing and oceans' - Evelyn Pinkerton, School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University
'Essential reading ... an outstanding scholarly critique of a governance panacea paradigm, which consists of closing access to the marine commons, and the complex and transformative social impacts associated with the introduction of private property rights into coastal communities, and the handling of marketised fish quotas to a privileged few' - Niels Einarsson, Director of the Stefansson Arctic Institute, Akureyri, Iceland
'Provides an illuminating critique of the destruction wrought on precarious fishing communities and endangered fish species by the neoliberalisation of the oceans' - Jon Altman, Research Professor, Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Melbourne and Emeritus Professor in Anthropology, at The Australian National University Canberra
Introduction: Neoliberalising the Environment: the Case of Fisheries Quota
1. Disciplining and Incorporating Dissent: Neoliberalism and Indigeneity
2. Sustainability: A Malleable Concept
3. Transferability and Markets
4. Gifts and Commodities: Hawaiian Fisheries
5. Nostalgia: Laments and Precarity
Epilogue: ITQs, Neoliberalism and the Anthropocene
Hardcover ISBN: 9780745399157
eBook ISBN: 9781786801395
135mm x 215mm